The sanctions imposed by the EU against Russia and Moscow’s retaliation would cost Europeans 100 billion euros in economic development and jeopardize up to 2.5 million jobs, a new study said.
The EU imposed the sanctions against Russia over the Ukrainian political crisis, targeting access to foreign credits and oil and gas industry. Moscow responded with countersanctions that hit European food producers. The toll the conflict takes on the EU economy is higher than Brussels initially anticipated, according to a new study by the Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO).
“Our hypothesis, from last autumn, of a worsening decline in exports has become a reality,” said Oliver Fritz, one of the authors of the study, the Tribune de Genève reported.
WIFO calculated that if the sanctions are continued for the next few years, Germany would lose 465,000 jobs due to reductions of exports to Russia. Italy would lose 215,000 jobs, Spain 160,000 jobs, France 145,000 jobs and the UK 110,000 jobs.
Switzerland, which is not part of the EU but followed Brussels’ lead on sanctions, would see 45,000 jobs lost, including 5,000 in the tourism sector, the study said.
The WIFO study was commissioned by newspapers in the Leading European Newspaper Alliance (LENA). Swiss Tribune de Genève, French Le Figaro, Spanish El Pais and German Die Welt were involved in reporting the findings.
Latvia and the other Baltic states are countries that have been most hit by the sanctions, Riga Mayor Nils Usakovs told Russian Dozhd TV.
“We are paying one of the highest prices for those sanctions which were imposed on Russia and its retaliatory embargo,” he said.
When the Russian ruble started dropping, it became “very difficult to sell anything to Russia,” said Usakovs, adding that Latvia “lost a significant number of tourists.”